228 A BICENTENNIAL HISTORY OF MISSISSIPPI UNIVERSITY OF MISSISSIPPI MEDICAL CENTER A campus of the University of Mississippi, the University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) is the state’s only academic health sciences center and the state’s second-largest employer. Located in Jackson, it encompasses seven health science schools, including medicine, nursing, health-related professions, dentistry, pharmacy, graduate studies, and population health. UMMC is the state’s only teaching and research hospital, providing resources and education to medical professionals around the state. UMMC was the site of the world’s first human lung transplant in 1963, as well as the world’s first human heart transplant in 1964, and continues to be the home of state’s only heart transplant program. UMMC’s health care enterprise includes the state’s only Level I trauma center, only organ transplant program, and only children’s hospital. UMMC’s education, research, and health care missions share the objectives of creating a healthier Mississippi and eliminating health disparities. PHOTO COURTESY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSISSIPPI MEDICAL CENTER